News, Events, Birthdays, History - May 28 - June 3
Rudy Guiliani - May 28, 1944
A former mayor of New York City, Giuliani gained international attention for his leadership during and after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center. In 2001, Time magazine named him "Person of the Year", and he received an honorary knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in 2002. Guiliani ran an unsuccessful bid for nomination as the Republican Party's presidential candidate in the 2008 elections.
Patrick Henry - May 29, 1736
Along with Samuel Adams and Thomas Paine, he is remembered as one of the most influential (and radical) advocates of the American Revol ution and republicanism, especially in his denunciations of corruption in government officials and his defense of historic rights. He is well remembered for a line from a speech given in 1775 in favor of arming the Virginia militia: "I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death."
Clint Eastwood- May 31, 1930
One of the most enduring actors and producers in the U.S., Eastwood has received five Academy Awards. He has directed many of his films, and also has an interest in politics, serving as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California from 1986 to 1988.
May 29, 1953 - Mount Everest Summit Reached
Captain New Zealand explorer Sir Edmund Hillary and Tensign Norgay, a Sherpa guide, became the first team to reach the summit of Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain. Two days earlier, another pair of climbers in their expedition had become exhausted and turned back within 300 feet of the summit. This earlier team's work in route-finding and breaking trail, along with their caches of extra oxygen, were of great help two days later to Hillary and Norgay.
May 31, 1889 Johnstown Flood Anniversary
The Johnstown Flood disaster (or Great Flood of 1889 as it became known locally) occurred on May 31, 1889. It was the result of the failure of the South Fork Dam situated 14 miles upstream of the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania following several days of extremely heavy rainfall. The dam's failure unleashed a torrent of 20 million tons of water. The flood killed over 2,200 people and caused $17 million of damage. It was the first major disaster relief effort handled by the new American Red Cross, led by Clara Barton.
The Superman cartoon character first appeared in Action Comics on this date in 1938. Superman's popularity skyrocketed - radio, television, comic strips, movies, and even video games. For those who don't know, Superman was born on the planet Krypton and rocketed to Earth as an infant where he would learn that he had superhuman powers.
June 2, 1692 - Salem Witch Trials Begin
After experiencing strange behavior from several teenage girls, the Massachusetts Bay Colony Village of Salem attributed the behavior to witchcraft, and arrested three women. One of the three admitted to being a witch, and soon the accusations spread to others. Trials were ordered - but the proceedings were criticized for their unjust nature and the special courts were ultimately dissolved, but not until 19 people had been hanged, 5 had died in jail, 1 had been tortured to death, more than 150 had been imprisoned, and two dogs were executed. Some five years later a judge would apologize, and all those accused would be pardoned.